Sunset or sundown is the daily disappearance of the Sun below the horizon in the west as a result of Earth”s rotation. The time of sunset is defined in astronomy as the moment when the trailing edge of the Sun”s disk disappears below the horizon in the west. The ray path of light from the setting Sun is highly distorted near the horizon because of atmospheric refraction, making the sunset appear to occur when the Sun”s disk is already about one diameter below the horizon. Sunset is distinct from dusk, which is the moment at which darkness falls, which occurs when the Sun is approximately eighteen degrees below the horizon. The period between sunset and dusk is called twilight.